Simple leaves with an opposite arrangement are; up to 10cm long, mostly elliptic in shape with toothed and wavy margins, hairless, glossy on their upper surface, scented when crushed, firm and rather leathery in texture. In these habitats it is rarely more than 10m tall, but under favourable conditions it has the potential to reach 25m in height The pinnate compound leaf consists of up to 14 leaflets. Bark is brown to grey in colour and features fine longitudinal fissures. Bark is mid to dark brown in colour with a firm texture and prominent longitudinal fissures (2). Distribution: From NSW central coast to Qld. Petiolules (leaflet stalks) are up to 15mm long and the strong petiole (leaf stalk) can reach 10cm or more. Distribution: Coastal regions and tablelands of southern NSW to central Qld. Note the genus name and use the Botanical Species List to locate related species and find all family names. Australian tree identification using five images per species, depicting the full specimen, bark, leaf, flower and/or fruit characteristics. Bark is beige to light brown in colour with a finely rough texture (2). More than 800 colour photographs, informative graphics, maps and detailed description of more than 300 species. Identify a Tree. The strong petiole (leaf stalk) is up to 10cm long. Flower composition and arrangements (inflorescence types) play an important role in the classification of Australian trees and shrubs. It reaches a diameter of 35mm and changes from white to pink or red at full maturity. The orange coloured fruit (a capsule) is 3-lobed, up to 2.5cm across and densely hairy on the outside. More than 200 full colour photographs and detailed descriptions explaining leaf, bark, flower, fruit and other tree characteristics. Petiole (leaf stalk) is up to 10mm long and densely hairy, as are young branches (5). The definitive guide to the Frogs of Australia. It is ellipsoid (oval) or more ovoid (egg-shaped) and up to 5cm long (3 & 4). Mid vein is pronounced on lower leaf surface and numerous straight laterals are faintly visible. Size: 13 cm wide x 18 cm high, Brown Tamarind Castanospora alphandii The large and leafy stipules (on young growth at nodes) are prominent features when identifying the Red Carabeen, which has been recently reclassifiied as Karrabina benthamiana. Distribution: From Victoria to north Qld. Silky Myrtle Decaspermum humile Distribution: NSW central coast to southern Qld. Simple leaves with an alternate arrangement are; up to 10cm long, mostly long elliptic in shape with entire margins, dark green on top, silver-white beneath and rather soft in texture. It is often taller and reaches a height of up to 10m in adjacent tall forests (Picture 1). Silky Lomatia Lomatia fraseri Other names: Tree Lomatia, Forest Lomatia Note: Due to the effects of Myrtle Rust, this species is listed as being critically endangered. The Brown Pine can reach a height of 40m and often features a channelled or twisted trunk (1). The large cylindrical flower heads are up to 20cm long and produce masses of cream to pale green coloured flowers with prominent curved styles (3). The thin papery bark's outer layers are pale grey whereby newly exposed bark is salmon coloured (2). This conifer is a tall rainforests tree species that reaches a height of more than 40m and can be identified by its characteristic rounded canopy shape (Photo 1). In exposed coastal locations, it is likely to be a tall spreading shrub or small tree, whereas in open forests the Saw-tooth Banksia produces a more upright trunk and is able to reach a height of 15m (1). The fruit, a small hairy capsule with mostly 3 lobes, is seated on the remaining hairy calyx and about 1cm long. In some years an abundant amount of fruit is produced over late autumn and winter. Descriptions and all images copyright ©2020 by www.allcreativedesigns.com.au world wide rights reserved. Long brown hair, with lateral branches at the apex (star hairs), covers young branches, petioles and centre veins on underside of leaves. The beautiful foliage, consisting of large leaves that are copper-coloured on their underside, is a standout feature. Brisbane’s trees provide benefits that are important to our city’s liveability and our subtropical landscape character. The species name (heterophylla) relates to the different leaves, which are pinnately compound (with up to 15 leaflets) on saplings and on coppice shoots emerging from the base of older trunks. Leaflet apex is acute, base shape is cuneate. 5 Best Tree Identification Apps. Descriptions and all images copyright ©2020 by www.allcreativedesigns.com.au world wide rights reserved. Distribution: North-eastern Qld. Mid-vein is raised on both leaf surfaces. CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFORMATION. squamea occurring in NSW (Photo 1). It is identified by its distinctive trifoliolate (with 3 leaflets) compound leaves that emit a strong odour when crushed. Stamens consist of flattened and white coloured filaments which support bright yellow, spade-shaped anthers (3). Scented Acronychia Acronychia littoralis Under favourable conditions this small to medium sized tree species reaches a height of up to 25m. Leaf stalk (petiole) is up to 20mm long and light brown in colour. It is grey or more greyish brown in colour and matures over autumn and early winter (3). It is close to 20mm long and features the remaining flower style at the apex. Refresh the page in your browser to view updated content. Bark is a greyish brown in colour with a scaly and flaky texture (2). Scarlet Bean Archidendron lucyi Follicles are grey in colour, thick-walled and up to 35mm wide (4). Each segment splits along one side to disperse one or two seeds. ISBN: 9781925546293 Rainforests: Identification - Evolution - Reproduction Bark on the lower trunk of older trees becomes fissured, fibrous and flaky in patches. Older specimens develop a fluted trunk with a firm, smooth and dark brown coloured bark (2). Bark on mature specimens is hard with a fairly smooth texture and mostly shades of grey green in colour. The fleshy fruit (a drupe) is globose in shape; up to 20mm across, cream to yellow in colour and contains a single seed (4). Umbrella tree (Schefflera actinophylla) is regarded as an environmental weed in south-eastern Queensland, New South Wales, and on Christmas Island.It is also very invasive in other parts of the world (i.e. Distribution: north-eastern Qld. The strongly raised mid vein has clearly visible hairy domatia along its length helping in identification of this species (5). They are able to grow to 20m but with regular pruning can be limited. Natural habitats include different types of rainforests and surrounding transition zones (Photo 1). Mature specimens are less than 10m tall and develop a dense canopy (Photo 1). Note: This species is not closely related to the well-known Silky Oak (Grevillea robusta), but shares the typical oak timber grain. Multiple golden chain cultivars and hybrids exist. The Shrubby She-oak (shown) is growing in heath land on rocky (granite) terrain at an altitude above 800m. The pod contains (mostly) two small bean shaped seeds that are yellowish green in colour (4). Depending on conditions, it can be a compact and upright shrub up to 2m tall or straggly and less than 1m high in exposed sites (Image 1). The single and often crooked trunk is up to 30cm in diameter. Leaf apex is short acuminate, base shape is cuneate. Simple leaves with an alternate arrangement are; up to 8cm long, mostly oblong in shape with entire (in-rolled) margins, dark green and nearly hairless on top when fully mature, densely hairy beneath. Mostly 8 (sometimes only 7) teeth-like leaves, emerging in a whorl formation, are triangular in shape and about 5mm long (5). Conspicuous scars and bumps are left in places where leaves have detached (2). Distribution: Southern NSW to Qld. Rainforest of Australia's East Coast Book. Flowers are borne on small panicles that are mostly less than 5cm long (sometimes up to 8cm). Distribution: Vic., NSW and southern Qld. The fruit is a sickle-shaped pod up to 20cm long, changing from green to black in colour with full maturity. The white and glabrous (hairless) flower style divides into 3 ‘stems’ at the base, which are forked at the apex. Habitat destruction has made the Silver Leaf an uncommon occurrence. The three (sometimes 4) valved fruit (a capsule) turns a yellow orange when fully ripe. The fruit is a woody follicle up to 3cm long, which changes colour from green to black at full maturity. (See Leaf Characteristics Page for explanations of botanical terms used in descriptions.). To find related species go to: Species List Botanical, and look up the genus Atractocarpus. Each lobe (valve) contains an oblong shaped and black coloured seed (inset) (4). Distribution: NSW mid-north coast to southern Qld. The attractive foliage is made up of large bipinnate (twice divided) compound leaves that feature 2 to 6 pinnae (branches) with normally 8 leaflets each. Identification information on freshwater fish, features and glossary of fish terms, reef fish guide, shark guide, and deep water fish guide.
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