Take a look at the photo on the right. The mango is considered the "king of fruits" in many parts of the world. By the way, Penang is a holiday paradise, and is packed with many other specialties as well. The alphabet "D" is of course for the word "Durian". D. zibethinus is not grown in Brunei because consumers there prefer other species such as D. graveolens, D. kutejensis, and D. oxleyanus. thanks for sharing, brought back memories of being with my friends. The name Ooi Kyau (tumeric) describes the colour of the bright yellow flesh of this durian. (I think I have to get hold of this one, the next time I go searching for the best durians! Bak Eu has a slightly acidic aroma. 0 0. My sincere apologies if anyone felt "insulted". It produces no nausea or other bad effect, and the more you eat of it the less you feel inclined to stop. During this process, about 30% of the fruit … Durian was introduced into Australia in the early 1960s and clonal material was first introduced in 1975. The pulp is very thick and the seeds are very small.  The petals of durian flowers are eaten in the North Sumatra province of Indonesia and Sarawak of Malaysia, while in the Moluccas islands the husk of the durian fruit is used as fuel to smoke fish. Great article, Good Guy! Thanks for sharing! The most cultivated species is Durio zibethinus. " Despite having tried many foods that are arguably more eccentric, Andrew Zimmern, host of Bizarre Foods, was unable to finish a durian upon sampling it, due to his intolerance of its strong taste. I have heard it for the first time. What about the smell and taste? This variety is found wild in the jungles of Sabah, an eastern state of Malaysia in northern Borneo. Bats and honeybees are the main pollinators for the durian flowers. I miss davao and Durian! In fact, to eat Durians is a new sensation worth a voyage to the East to experience. The nectar and pollen of the durian flower that honeybees collect is an important honey source, but the characteristics of the honey are unknown. Great hub. And announcing the king of kings, the mother of all kings of durians: the No. It is because of its thick skin, odor type, and large size. For proof, look no further than the Densuke Watermelon, which is one of a number of expensive fruits that can be found…  I think you are cheesed off by now. It's so great that you create a very thorough hub about this amazing fruit. The skin is bright green, giving it the name which means 'green skin'. :D. You can only get it frozen here (USA) and the quality is touch-and-go. They are rich in dietary fiber, with good source of B-complex groups of vitamins which the body cannot produce. A durian that falls off the tree continues to ripen for two to four days, but after five or six days most would consider it overripe and unpalatable, although some Thais proceed from that point to cook it with palm sugar, creating a dessert called durian (or thurian) guan.. Medium-sized with long oval shape. Great article, Justin! The hotter it is, the sweeter it becomes. I've been on one special one to Pahang. I just tookover (about a year now) a durian orchard in Jelebu District in Negeri Sembilan. But it bears fruit in the height of summer. testudinarius. The challenge is to taste the Penang durians and then compare them with the rest of the world. Some enterprising locals came up with the idea of creating ice cream out of durian and it is now selling like hotcakes at UP (University of the Philippines, Diliman) dilimall. This is a good article about a fruit that have fascinated me even as a child. There is nothing to lose to avoid drinking coke or beer for 8 hours after eating lots of durians, Do it at your own risk, if you insist. 1, a cultivar without the characteristic odour. The photo below showed me enjoying the ultimate fruit of heaven, the king of all fruits! Thanks for very good coverage on durians! For example, in Singapore the strong demand for high quality cultivars such as the D24 (Sultan), and Musang King (Mao Shan Wang) has resulted in typical retail prices of between S$8 to S$15 (US$5 to US$10) per kilogram of whole fruit in 2007. Quite honestly, I personally don't think that it is possible to effectively describe the taste of each durian variety. Animals such as Sumatran elephants and tigers are known to consume durians. More to share! I think I would like the naturally-ripened fresh-off-the-tree Penang ones if I ever got there.  In My Tropic Isle, Australian author and naturalist Edmund James Banfield tells how, in the early 20th century, a friend in Singapore sent him a durian seed, which he planted and cared for on his tropical island off the north coast of Queensland.  An alternative method is to eat the durian in accompaniment with mangosteen, which is considered to have cooling properties. The average size of the durian is about that of a coconut. In addition to the above popular hybrids, there are others as well: Creamy taste and of fine texture. The mango is considered the "king of fruits" in many parts of the. This single province is responsible for half of the durian production of Thailand. My main interests are health and general wellness in body and mind. , Over the centuries, numerous durian cultivars, propagated by vegetative clones, have arisen in Southeast Asia.  In the Philippines, the centre of durian production is the Davao Region. I even make Duran ice cream, smoothies, pudding...and much more...tasty...very sweet! , The earliest known European reference to the durian is the record of NiccolÃ² de' Conti, who travelled to Southeast Asia in the 15th century. Its smell is sweet; it is delicious as well as nutritious. Durian is celebrated as the king of fruits in many countries from Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Vietnam, Philippines and now a non … I vomit just by the smell of it. It also has a nice aroma. Es durian (durian ice cream) is a popular dessert in Indonesia, sold at street side stall in Indonesian cities, especially in Java. This particular one is called "Tiger Hill". I've never known quite what to do with a durian. And my own quotation, "The taste of durians is in the tongue of the beholder!". More than 200 cultivars of D. zibethinus exist in Thailand. To taste it will be worse than being pricked by the durian thorns. The names given to these hybrids are in local Penang Hokkien dialect. Lemon is King of fruit. The result is beyond doubt. , The genus Durio is placed by some taxonomists in the family Bombacaceae, or by others in a broadly defined Malvaceae that includes Bombacaceae, and by others in a smaller family of just seven genera Durionaceae. One of the most filling foods, avocado, provides a healthy dose of fiber and nearly half of fatty acids. Durians from Penang Island have more aromatic taste. A common saying is that a durian has eyes, and can see where it is falling, because the fruit allegedly never falls during daylight hours when people may be hurt. They have a soft edible part in between their outer cover and the seeds. Mango is the king of all fruits. Some genera possess these characters, but others do not. The flesh is creamy and has a bittersweet taste to it, with a touch of sourness. Great hub. In peninsular Malaysia and Singapore, the season for durians is typically from June to August, coinciding with that of the mangosteen. I have seen many Americans that goes to my country (Cambodia) and they vomit because of it smell. There are 13 common Malaysian varieties having favourable qualities of colour, texture, odour, taste, high yield, and resistance against various diseases. Which king in history doesn’t have a legacy of murder? When split open, you almost thought the two halves belong to two different durians. chanroth from California, USA on July 10, 2011: I like this fruit very much. These are the ignorance who have gained enlightenment! Show more answers (20) Still have questions? Durian trees have one or two flowering and fruiting periods per year, although the timing varies depending on the species, cultivars, and localities. The durian is the fruit of several tree species belonging to the genus Durio. To earn this coveted title, the durian must be something very special.  However, the ideal stage of ripeness to be enjoyed varies from region to region in Southeast Asia and by species. No malice intended. For now, just use your own imagination! Durian season in Penang is from April. My secret wish is that they stay that way. Fleshy Fruits. The first seedlings were sent from the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, to Auguste Saint-Arroman of Dominica in 1884. The durian is such a unique fruit that even the flesh has so much variations. First one tastes somewhat similar to litchi and second like the Indian kokum, Garcinia indica. Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 … Flesh which is quite soft and very sweet, and dark yellow in colour. When I was in KL two years ago, I tried the Mao San Wang. Justin Choo (author) from Malaysia on July 10, 2011: Actually the durians are a test for the Caucasians' taste buds. Ok, generally the color of the flesh ranges from white to bright yellow and light orange. The flesh of the Hor Lor is very soft, dry and quite bitter. I love to eat durian, I wish the Musang King or Rajah Kunyit will soon be available in the market here in Zamboanga del Norte, particularly in Dipolog City and Sindangan.  The most complete description of the medicinal use of the durian as remedies for fevers is a Malay prescription, collected by Burkill and Haniff in 1930. The "tradition" is to eat mangosteen and drink coconut water to neutralize the dry and warm effects on your body. ^ Wallace makes an almost identical comment in his 1866 publication The Malay Archipelago: The land of the orang-utang and the bird of paradise. No other way. , b. We shall talk about them later. This durian gets its unusual name because it looks like two durians joined together, one big and one small. If you are looking for a fruit that that is rich in iron, but also …  The centre of ecological diversity for durians is the island of Borneo, where the fruits of the edible species of Durio including D. zibethinus, D. dulcis, D. graveolens, D. kutejensis, D. oxleyanus, and D. testudinarius are sold in local markets. , The origin of the durian is thought to be in the region of Borneo and Sumatra, with wild trees in the Malay peninsula, and orchards commonly cultivated in a wide region from India to New Guinea. How wonderful...what a treat!! Durian fruit is used to flavour a wide variety of sweet edibles such as traditional Malay candy, ice kacang, dodol, lempuk, rose biscuits, ice cream, milkshakes, mooncakes, Yule logs, and cappuccino.  The increasing popularity of the fruit also saw the price of the Malaysian variety Musang King rise considerably; durian farmers would see the prices they get increasing from two ringgit per kilogram to 60 ringgit per kilo by 2018, which made it a far more lucrative than palm oil or rubber, leading to an increase in durian plantation. You will never get it right. Smell and taste the durian, and you will immediately know the answer. It's me holding the traditional durian cakes, The Esplanade in Singapore: The Metal Durian. Several medical investigations on the validity of this belief have been conducted with varying conclusions, though a study by the University of Tsukuba finds the fruit's high sulphur content inhibits the activity of aldehyde dehydrogenase, causing a 70 percent reduction of the ability to clear toxins from the body. Wow! The smell of durian is divine! Tumeric comes from the colour of the flesh which is golden yellow. What does this statement convey? Looking forward to see other hub from you, Good Guy. Usually long oval shape and golden in colour with short and sharp thorns. There are currently 30 recognised species (see the List of Durio species), The durian (/ËdjÊÉriÉn, ËdÊr-, -Ã¦n/) is the fruit of several tree species belonging to the genus Durio. Durian is considered as the king of fruits. In translations of Linschoten's writings, the fruit is spelled as duryoen. Quite the expensive habbit. Durio zibethinus is the only species available in the international market: other species are sold in their local regions. " The Portuguese physician Garcia de Orta described durians in ColÃ³quios dos simples e drogas da India published in 1563. Some tried to scare the daylight out of you, and compared the smell with rotten rat. The fruit is pale yellow, and the flesh is yellow. Read on to learn which six fruits … For some people in northern Thailand, the preference is for the fruit to be soft and aromatic. This is the best durian in the whole world! We don't fancy with the hybrids. , A draft genome analysis of durian indicates it has about 46,000 coding and non-coding genes, among which a class called methionine gamma lyases – which regulate the odour of organosulfur compounds – may be primarily responsible for the distinct durian odour. The only way to know the smell and the taste is to smell and taste it! It has creamy yellow flesh with a pleasant taste and a subtle smell. Thanks to his "smell" and bad reputation here in Rome I was dispensed of sharing it with my disgusted friends and had it all for myself. There are two types of durian cakes.  Genome analysis also indicated that the closest plant relative of durian is cotton.. funmontrealgirl from Montreal on September 09, 2011: I really liked durian the first time I tried it but had a bit of an onion burp at the end. His theory was that endozoochory (the enticement of animals to transport seeds in their stomach) arose before any other method of seed dispersal, and that primitive ancestors of Durio species were the earliest practitioners of that dispersal method, in particular red durian (D. dulcis) exemplifying the primitive fruit of flowering plants. Uncooked durian seeds are potentially toxic due to cyclopropene fatty acids and should not be ingested. Equivalent Malay names are also given to them. Travel Chef from Manila on February 26, 2020: I must say that durian is the most stinkiest fruit but also one of the most delicious one because of its creamy and sweet taste. , Tempoyak, made from fermented durian in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia, Tempoyak ikan patin, catfish in tempoyak curry, Palembang, South Sumatra, Indonesia, Ketan durian, glutinous rice with durian sauce in Indonesia, Durian cake made of durian-flavoured dodol, Indonesian traditional sweet candy, Keripik durian Medan (durian chips) in Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia, A street side durian ice cream in Bogor, West Java, Indonesia, Durian Keju Bollen, a pastry filled with cheese and durian cream in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia, Durian cakes from Pontianak, West Kalimantan, Indonesia, Raw durian is composed of 65% water, 27% carbohydrates (including 4% dietary fibre), 5% fat and 1% protein. It is a tree that is green at all times of the year. 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